The stereotype of athletes is that of lumbering dunces who are more brawn than brains. However, the exact opposite is true of the most successful fitness athletes. The study of nutrition and physiology is advancing daily and can be a lifelong pursuit. Think of this as Fitness 101. To maximize results, it’s necessary to first understand the basic science of fitness so you can separate the fact from the fiction.

The following ten myths are traps into which even experienced fit fanatics can fall.

Myth #1: Avoid all carbs and/or fat to lose weight.

Myth #2: Skip meals to lose fat.

Myth #3: More cardio or weight lifting is always better.

Myth #4: Meal replacement drinks can substitute for most meals. 

Myth #5: Fasting is a quick way to lose fat.

Myth #6: Eating at night is fattening.

Myth #7: Doing crunches to lose belly fat.

Myth #8: Lifting weights will make you too bulky.

Myth #9: Certain foods (or food combinations) — like grapefruit, celery, or cabbage soup — can burn fat and make you lose weight.

Myth #10: There is a “Secret Diet” or “Magic Pill” that will do all of the work.

At times, sorting out the truths from the myths can be daunting. . However, much about fitness is common sense. If it sounds too good to be true or smells like a fad, it’s probably a myth.